Numerous people have tried to predict the end of the world with elaborate timetables
Most date-setters don’t realize humanity hasn’t kept an unwavering record of time
- From 100 BC to 2000 AD
- 46 BC was 445 days long
- There was no year 0 BC
- In 1582 we switched from Julian Years (360 days) to Gregorian (365 days)
All of these are here for your benefit to understand how much humanity has failed at predicting the end times
- Jesus makes it clear that nobody knows when He’s coming back, not even Himself (Matthew 24:36, Mark 13:32)
- Theudas declared himself the Messiah, taking 400 people with him into the desert. Theudas beheaded by Roman soldiers. Josephus records this.
- Even before all the books of the Bible were written, there was talk that Christ’s return had already taken place. The Thessalonians panicked on Paul when they heard a rumor that the day of the Lord was at hand and they had missed the rapture.
- Simon bar Giora of the Essene sect of Jewish ascetics predicted the return of Zion with the Jewish revolt against the Roman Empire.
- Ben Zakkai died about 80 and expected the Messiah around the time of his death.
- Rabbi Eliezer Ben Hyrcanus thought the days of the Messiah would last 40 years. Before Bar Kochba the Messiah’s age was short; longer afterward.
- Rabbi Jose, the Galilean, a contemporary of Hyrcanus and Azariah, thought the Messiah would come in three generations (60 years) after the destruction of the Roman Empire.
- Hilary of Portiers predicted the end of the world would happen that year.
- Martin of Tours stated that the end would happen before 400 and that the Antichrist had already been born.
- Tichonus, a writer of the 4th Century, predicted the return of Christ.
- Hippolytus calculated that 5,500 years separated Adam and Christ and that the life of the world was 6,000, six full ‘days’ of years until the seventh, the day of rest. His calculations in 234 indicated there were still two centuries left.
- Rabbi Dosa said the Messiah would come at the end of 400 years based on Genesis 15:13.
- Rabbi Judah ha-Nasi believed the Messiah would come 365 years after the Temple’s destruction in 70
- Rabbi Hanina, thought the Messiah would come 400 years after the Temple Destruction.
- Sextus Julius Africanus, a Roman priest and theologian in the second and third centuries, predicted Christ would return in A.D. 500, based on the dimensions of Noah’s ark.
- Hippolytus and Lactantius said 500 would be the time for the second coming of Christ.
- Beatus of Liebana preached the second coming of Christ and the end of the world on April 6, 793 to thousands of people.
- Gregory of Tours calculated the end of the world would be between 799 and 806
- Sextus Julius Africanus revises the day of Doomsday to 800.
- Thiota declared that the end of the world would be that year.
- Acrostic on the end of the world, the predecessor of Celano’s “Dies Irae,” found in a message from Aniane.
- “Treatise on the Antichrist” by Adso of Montier-en-Der, c.950, a response to a variety of crises at mid-century that provoked widespread apocalyptic disquiet, and rapidly become a central text in the European eschatological literature.
- Letter on the Hungarians that speaks of widespread apocalyptic reactions among the population.
- “Dum saeculum transit finis mundi appropinquat…” As the saeculum century passes, the end of the world approaches.
- Abbo hears a preacher in Paris announcing the unleashing of Antichrist for 1000 AD and the Last Judgment shortly afterward.
- Panic in German Emperor Otto I’s army at an eclipse the soldiers took to portend the end of the world.
- Annalists note in the margin of Easter tables: mille anni a nativitate Christi, based on a “misreading” of the base year in the Easter Tables as Anno passionis. Three years earlier unusual events with apocalyptic tonality (fire from heaven, the release of demons) occur.
969 and/or 980
- The widespread apocalyptic expectation in Lotharingia at the coincidence of the Annunciation and the Crucifixion against which Abbo writes a letter.
- Abbo corrects his date.
- Abbo redates the year 1000 four years into the past (true AD 1000 = Dionysus’ 979) using new apocalyptic beliefs as the basis of his calculations.
- The last Carolingian dynasty falls, the final hindrance to the arrival of Antichrist according to Adso, and the capture of the last potential ruler occurs. Southern charters begin to date AD, with Christ reigning, a traditional interregnal formula with apocalyptic antecedents.
- Halley’s Comet appears.
- The first wave of peace councils in the South.
- Mention of apocalyptic beliefs leading to a violent seizure of church property at St. Hilaire.
- Preaching of Aelfric and Wulfistan, filled with images of Last Judgment, explicitly linked at points to the year 1000 and the unleashing of Antichrist.
- A coincidence of Crucifixion and Annunciation; Nouaillé begins its charters for the next decade with “Appropinquante finem mundi…”. Adso, an old man, leaves on a one-way pilgrimage to Jerusalem. German chronicles report light from the north at dawn like the sun, rumor among many that three suns, three moons, and stars were fighting, indicating massive mortality and famine.
- Good Friday coincided with the Feast of the Annunciation; this had long been believed to be the event that would bring forth the Antichrist, and thus the end-times, within three years.
- Outbreaks of sacer ignis throughout France, associated in Limoges with the Peace of God.
- Various signs (including a monstrous child), famines, plagues and mortality in Saxony, referred to as the biblical “tria iudicia pessima”.
- “Concerning the end of the world, as a youth I heard a sermon in the church in Paris that as soon as the number of a thousand years should come, the Antichrist would come, and not long thereafter, the Last Judgment would follow; which preaching I resisted with all my strength from the angels and the Apocalypse and the book of Daniel.”
- Otto III engages in an elaborate program of Imperial Roman Renovation that, from the apocalyptic scenario, would reaffirm the existence of the “barrier” to Antichrist, particularly crucial given the demise of the last of the Carolingians in the previous decade. In this, he recapitulated many of Charlemagne’s responses to the coming of the year 6000.
1000 – This year goes down as one of the most pronounced states of hysteria over the return of Christ.
- All members of society seemed affected by the prediction that Jesus was coming back on Jan 1, 1000.
- None of the Bible’s important events transpired at that time.
- The magical number 1000 was primarily the sole reason for the expectation.
- Otto returns to Aachen where he exhumes Charlemagne’s body on Pentecost of the year 1000.
- An outbreak of heresies in France, Italy, and south-west Mediterranean that Glaber interprets as the unleashing of Satan according to Revelations.
- All the references, still poorly known, from computist texts that privilege the year 1000, which, coming in the middle of a 19-year cycle (988-1006) should neither begin nor end any Easter table.
- References to 1000 taken from Sigebert in later medieval chroniclers.
- During December 999, everyone was on their best behavior; worldly goods were sold and given to the poor, swarms of pilgrims headed east to meet the Lord at Jerusalem, buildings went unrepaired, crops were left unplanted, and criminals were set free from jails.
- Speculation that the end of the world would come thirteen and a half years after Halley’s Comet in December 1002.
- According to Glaber Europe covers self in white mantle of Churches.
- Dionysus Exiguus predicts the end of the world.
- Prediction of the end of the world 1000 years after the virgin birth of Christ.
- Terrible famine throughout Europe that is associated with apocalyptic portents in several texts.
- New star sighted in heavens (supernova in May, 1006)
- A chaplain of the Emperor converts to Judaism.
- Rain of blood; sun turns red and fails to shine for three days; plague and death follow.
- Destruction in Jerusalem of Holy Sepulchre by the chiliastic Moslem caliph Al-Hakim, apocalyptic reaction in West including violent anti-Jewish outbursts.
- Brythfird commentaries note that the 1000 years of the Apocalypse are completed according to human calculations, therefore supporting Augustine’s allegorical reading.
- Apocalyptic vision of monk at St-Vaast recorded by Richard of Saint-Vanne.
- Various prodigies and natural disasters provoke the expulsion of the Jews from Mainz and lead some to believe that the world was “returning to its original chaos”.
- Pre-dawn panic and trampling at St. Martial followed by outbreak of heresy throughout the south, seen as agents of Antichrist by Ademar of Chabannes.
- Heribert the monk reports a heresy from the Perigord, apocalyptic tone to the letter.
- Burning of heretics at Orléans, described in several texts in apocalyptic tones.
- Letter from heaven calling for Peace Councils circulates throughout Northern France.
- Radulphus Glaber begins a world history that, under the guidance of William of Volpiano, explicitly makes the year 1000 the focal point.
- Adémar de Chabannes begins a world history whose major theme from 1010 on is apocalyptic signs and prodigies.
- Large collective pilgrimage to Jerusalem led by Richard of St. Vaast.
- Rain of blood on the Aquitanian shore provokes letters from William V to Robert, Robert to Gauzlin of Bourges and Fulbert of Chartres on their opinion.
- Ademar of Chabannes produces some 500 folios of historical fiction in which apocalyptic themes play a major role.
- Terrible famine throughout France.
- Mention of heresies throughout Christendom (Italy, Gaul, Greece, Hungary) by Gerard, bishop of Csanád, where similar anti-ecclesiastical phenomena are associated with Revelation 20:7.
- Wave of peace councils throughout France, starting in Aquitaine, associated with millennium of Passion by Glaber IV.
- Prodigies, eclipse, massive earthquake etc. leads to penitential procession in Jouarre-Rebais, dated millennium of the Passion.
- This year was sighted as the beginning of the millennium because it marked 1000 years since Christ’s crucifixion.
- Mass pilgrimage to Jerusalem noted in Ademar and Glaber who associated it with apocalyptic expectation.
- Deacon of Orleans leaves for Jerusalem on pilgrimage out of apocalyptic expectations.
- Sigebert of Gembloux predicts the end of the world on this day.
- The “Letter of Toledo” warned everyone to hide in the caves and mountains. The world would be destroyed and only a few would be spared. This was based on the alignments of planets.
- The Calabrian monk Joachim of Fiore was inspired Easter Sunday in 1183 to write his massive Exposition on Revelation. Near the end of his life, he summarized his prophetic knowledge in the Book of Figures. His writings influenced a wide range of medieval events.
- The Franciscan order was founded on the basis that they would be the spiritual elite described in Joachim’s “Age of the Spirit,” a future time when God would send revelation directly to believers.
- Using Joachim’s hints, writers concluded that the “Age of Grace” would end and the “Age of the Spirit” would begin in A.D. 1260. This prophecy, mixed with German social unrest, created a myth surrounding Frederick II. Having ruled from 1220 to 1250, many believed that Frederick was the “Emperor of the Last Days” who would usher in the new Millennium. The myth gained force when Frederick seized Jerusalem in 1229. When he died in 1250, a new myth started that Frederick would return from the dead. Two pseudo-Fredericks were burned at the stake by his successor to the throne.
- Pope Innocent III predicted that the world would end 666 years after the rise of Islam.
- Followers of Joachim of Fiore rescheduled the End to 1290 and then 1335 when the 1260 prophecy failed.
- The Black Plague spreading across Europe was considered a sign of the Apocalypse.
- Jean de Roquetaillade predicted that the Antichrist was coming in 1366 and the end of the world was coming in either 1368 or 1370.
- Arnaldus de Villa Nova, a Joachite, predicted that the end of the world was coming that year.
- The Taborites of Czechoslovakia, founded in 1415, also looked back to Joachim for their prophetic beliefs. They predicted every city would be annihilated by fire and that only five mountain strongholds would be saved, and they believed that once their persecutors were defeated Christ would return and rule the world from Mount Tabor, a mountain they had renamed south of Prague. Their communal activities eventually turned bloody, but after a crushing defeat at the hands of the German army the group quickly disbanded.
- Sandro Botticelli in 1500 believed that he was living during the Tribulation and that the end of the world was coming in three and a half years.
- A group of astrologers in London predicted the world would end by a flood starting in London on February 1, 1524 based on calculations made the previous June. 20,000 Londoners left their homes and headed for higher ground in anticipation.
- Johannes Stöffler saw the planetary alignment of Pisces as a sign of the Millenium starting February 20, 1524.
- Thomas Müntzer, a leader of German peasants, announced that the return of Christ would come after he and his men destroyed the high and mighty. This belief led to an uneven battle with government troops where he was strategically out-numbered. Muntzer claimed to have a vision from God where the Lord promised that He would catch the cannon balls of the enemy in the sleeves of His cloak, but the vision turned out to be false when they were all mowed down by cannon fire.
- Hans Hut predicted the end of the world would come on May 27, 1528.
- Johannes Stöffler revised his date when his prediction failed to come true.
- Beginning of the Millennium, according to the Anabaptists.
- Michael Stiefel predicted Christ’s coming and judgment at 8:00 AM October 19, 1533.
- Melchior Hoffman predicted the end of the world preceded by 3-1/2 years of apocalyptic tribulation and that Strasbourg was the New Jerusalem. He claimed that the world would be destroyed by fire except for 144,000 people who would be saved.
- A repeat of the Muntzer affair occurred a few years later. This time Jan Matthys took over the city of Munster, which was to be the only one spared destruction. The inhabitants of Munster, chased out by Matthys and his men, regrouped and laid siege to the city. Within a year everyone in the city was dead.
- Jan Mattijs replaced an imprisoned Melchior Hoffman and claimed Christ’s return on Easter Sunday, April 5, 1534. He said that Munster and not Strasbourg was the New Jerusalem. This was again later changed to Amsterdam.
- Around the year 1400, Pierre d’Ailly wrote that 6845 years of human history had passed, and that the end of the world would be on the 7000th year.
- Benedictus Aretius of Berne calculated that 1260 years added to the year Constantine made Christianity the official religion (312+1260=1572) would be the end of the world.
- In his book The Restoration of Christianity, the Spanish born reformer claimed that the Devil’s reign in this world began in 325 at the Council of Nicea and will last for 1260 years, thus ending in 1585.
- Regiomontanus predicted the end of the world this year.
- Martin Luther predicted the end of the world would occur no later than 1600.
- In 1621 Sir Henry Finch published a book, The World’s Great Restauration or The Calling of the Jews, that declared a Jewish nation rising to power soon.
- The same astrologers who predicted the deluge of February 1, 1524 recalculated the date to February 1, 1624 after their first prophecy failed.
- Using the Kabbalah Sabbatai Zevi from Smyrna, Turkey, figured that the Messiah would come in 1648.
- The Fifth Monarchy Men looked for Jesus to establish a theocracy. They took up arms and tried to seize England by force. The movement died when the British monarchy was restored in 1660.
- Helisaeus Roeslin made a prediction that the world would end this year based on a nova that occurred in 1572.
- The Fifth Monarchists predicted the final apocalyptic battle and the destruction of the Antichrist were to take place between 1655 and 1657.
- Mary Cary prophesied the conversion and return of the Jews
- In his Book of Prophecies (1501), Christopher Columbus predicted that the world would end in 1656.
- Christopher Columbus claimed that the world was created in 5343 BC and would last 7000 years. Assuming no year zero, that means the end would come in 1658.
- Joseph Mede claimed that the Antichrist appeared in 456 and the end would come in 1660.
- Following his failed prediction of 1648, Sabbatai Zevi recalculated the end of the earth in 1666.
- A bubonic plague outbreak killed 100,000 and the Great Fire of London struck the same year, and the year ended with the Beast’s number (666), meaning that many people imagined it to be the end.
- Generated much discussion as it was 1000 + 666
- William Aspinwall, a Fifth Monarchist, predicted the Millenium would begin by this year.
- John Napier calculated the end of the world would be this year based on calculations from the Book of Revelation.
- Pierre Jurieu predicted that Judgment Day would occur this year.
- Johann Heinrich Alsted predicted the Millenium would start on this year.
- Johann Jacob Zimmermann believed that Jesus would return and the world would end this year.
- Cotton Mather predicted the world would end this year. After the prediction failed, he revised the date of the End two more times.
- After his 1688 prediction failed to come true, John Napier revised his end of the world prediction to this year.
- In his 1642 work, The Personall Reigne of Christ Upon Earth, Henry Archer predicted the second coming of Jesus would occur in approximately this year.
- Nicholas of Cusa predicted the end would occur between 1700 and 1734.
1705, 1706 or 1708
- Camisard prophets predicted the end of the world would occur in either 1705, 1706 or 1708.
- Isaac Newton predicted Christ’s coming in a note in his research on the Law of Gravity
- William Whiston, who succeeded Isaac Newton as Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge, also predicted Christ’s coming.
- Cotton Mather revised his prediction after his 1697 prediction failed to come true.
- Jacob Bernoulli predicted a comet would destroy the earth on this April 5, 1719.
- William Whiston predicted a comet colliding with the earth on October 16, 1736.
- Cotton Mather made a third and final prediction for the end of the world.
- Emanuel Swedenborg claimed that the Last Judgement occurred in the spiritual world this year.
- Connecticut General Assembly Members saw the sky turning dark during the day and interpreted it as a sign of the end times. The primary cause of the event is believed to have been a combination of smoke from forest fires, a thick fog, and cloud cover.
- Pierre d’Ailly predicted the coming of the Antichrist in this year.
- Shakers predicted the world would end in both 1792 and 1794.
- Richard Brothers stated the Millennium would begin between 1793 and 1795. He was eventually committed to an insane asylum.
- While campaigning for Richard Brothers’ release, Nathaniel Brassey Halhed proclaimed that the world would end on November 19, 1795.
- Christopher Love predicted the destruction of the world by earthquake in 1805, followed by an age of everlasting peace when God will be known by all.
- In Leeds, England in 1806 a hen began laying eggs on which the phrase “Christ is coming” was written. Eventually it was discovered to be a hoax. The owner, Mary Bateman, had written on the eggs in a corrosive ink so as to etch the eggs, and reinserted the eggs back into the hen’s oviduct, and an unannounced visitor found her doing it. She was later hanged for poisoning a wealthy client.
- Joanna Southcoat claimed she was pregnant by virgin birth with the Christ child a second time around, and that he would be born on Christmas Day, 1814. She died on the day of her prediction, and an autopsy proved she was not pregnant.
- John Wesley, the founder of the Methodist Church, foresaw the Millennium beginning this year. He wrote that “the time, times and half a time” in Revelation 12:14 referred to the years 1058–1836 “when Christ should come”.
- Johann Albrecht Bengel divided 666 by 42 (months) and came out that each month = 15-6/7 years. He came up with the date of the beginning of the Millenium using this formula.
- Although it was not officially endorsed by their leadership, many followers of William Miller (Millerites) expected the Second Coming to occur on April 28, 1843 during a spectacular meteor shower or at the very end of 1843.
- Harriet Livermore predicted the world would end in this year.
- William Miller predicted Christ would return on March 21, 1844. Some followers set another date of October 22, 1844, which resulted in the Great Disappointment that collapsed the movement.
- George Rapp, the founder of the Harmony Society, preached that Jesus would return in his lifetime, even as he lay dying on August 7, 1847.
- Harriet Livermore predicted the end of the world a second and final time.
- Much of the working class thought that the Crimean War was the Battle of Armageddon.
- Thomas Parker, a Massachusetts Minister, looked for the millennium to start about 1859.
- John Cumming stated it was 6000 years since Creation in 1862, and that the world would end.
- John Wroe, the founder of the Christian Israelite Church, calculated that the Millennium would begin this year.
- In 1870, Jonas Wendell published his views in the booklet entitled The Present Truth, or Meat in Due Season concluding that the Second Advent was sure to occur in 1873.
- Charles Taze Russell predicted the return of Jesus to occur in 1874, and after this date reinterpreted the prediction to say that Jesus had indeed returned in invisible form.
- Mother Shipton in the 15th century was quoted as saying “The world to an end shall come, In eighteen hundred and eighty-one” in a book published in 1862. In 1873 it was revealed to be a forgery; however, this did not stop some people from expecting the end.
- Wovoka, the founder of the Ghost Dance movement predicted in 1889 that the Millennium would occur in 1890.
- Charles Piazzi Smith concluded from his research on the dimensions of the Great Pyramid of Giza that the Second Coming would occur between 1892 and 1911.
- The Catholic Apostolic Church, founded in 1831, claimed that Jesus would return by the time the last of its 12 founding members died. The last member died in 1901.
- Camille Flammarion predicted that the 1910 appearance of Halley’s Comet “would impregnate that atmosphere and possibly snuff out all life on the planet”, but not the planet itself. “Comet pills” were sold by one enterprising man to protect against toxic gases. The comet indicated the Second Coming to many.
- The Watchtower Bible and Tract Society (Jehovah’s Witnesses) under the leadership of Charles Russell branch off from International Bible Students Association and then computed 1914 from prophecy from Daniel’s 4th chapter the return of Christ. The writing referred to “seven times” and they interpreted each time as 360 days, giving 2520 days, representing 2520 years, measured from the starting date of 607 BC, landing the target date at 1914.
- John Chilembwe in Nyasaland predicted the Millennium would begin this year.
- International Bible Students Association predicted Christendom shall be cut off and glorification of the Little Flock (The Church) in the Spring of 1918. It would be succeeded by revolutionary governments. God would “destroy the churches wholesale and the church members by the millions.” Church members would “perish by the sword of war, revolution and anarchy.” The dead would lie unburied. In 1920 all earthly governments would disappear, with worldwide anarchy prevailing.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses used new math to predict Christ’s second coming in 1918.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses again predict Christ’s second coming in 1920.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses again predict Christ’s second coming in 1925.
- According to the Seventh-day Adventist Margaret Rowen the angel Gabriel appeared before her in a vision and told her that the world would end at midnight on this February 13, 1925.
- Wilbur Glenn Voliva announced that “the world is going to go ‘puff’ and disappear” in September 1935.
- Herbert W. Armstrong, the founder of the Worldwide Church of God told members of his church that the Rapture was to take place in 1936, and that only they would be saved. After the prophecy failed, he changed the date three more times.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses again predict Christ’s second coming in 1941.
- Herbert W. Armstrong’s first revised prediction after the 1936 one failed to come true.
- John Ballou Newbrough writes Oahspe: A New Bible, where he foresaw the destruction of all nations and the beginning of post-apocalyptic anarchy in 1947.
- David Davidson wrote a book called The Great Pyramid, Its Divine Message. He predicted that the world would end in August 1953.
- Dorothy Martin, the leader of a UFO cult called Brotherhood of the Seven Rays, said the world was to be destroyed by terrible flooding on December 21, 1954. The fallout of the group after the prediction failed was the basis for the 1956 book When Prophecy Fails.
- Watchtower Magazine said in January 1957 that “Sometime between April 16 and 23, 1957, Armageddon will sweep the world! Millions of persons will perish in its flames and the land will be scorched.”
- Florence Houteff, The 2nd Prophet of the Branch Davidians, predicted the apocalypse foretold in the Book of Revelation would proceed on April 22, 1959. The failure of the prophecy led to the split of the sect into several subsects, the most prominent led by Benjamin and Lois Roden.
- Piazzi Smyth, a past astronomer royal of Scotland, wrote a book called Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid. He concluded from his research that the millennium would start before the end of 1960 based on the dimensions of the Great Pyramids.
- Jeane Dixon and various Indian astrologers predicted a planetary alignment on February 4, 1962 that was to bring destruction to the world. Mass prayer meetings were reported from India.
- August 20, 1967 would mark the beginning of the third woe of the Apocalypse, during which the southeastern US would be destroyed by a Soviet nuclear attack, according to the UFO prophet George Van Tassel, who claimed to have channeled an alien named Ashtar.
- Jim Jones, the founder of the Peoples Temple, stated he had visions that a nuclear holocaust was to take place in 1967.
- When the city of Jerusalem was reclaimed by the Jews in 1967, prophecy watchers declared that the “Time of the Gentiles” had come to an end.
- George Williams, the founder of the Church of the Firstborn, predicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur August 9, 1969.
- Charles Manson predicted that an apocalyptic race war would occur in 1969 and ordered the Tate-LaBianca murders in an attempt to bring it about. Manson based his prediction on his interpretation of The Beatles self-titled album.
- The True Light Church of Christ incorrectly forecasted the return of Jesus. A number of church members had quit their livelihoods ahead of the promised advent.
- Herbert W. Armstrong’s second of three revised dates after his 1936 and 1943 predictions failed to come true.
- David Berg (renamed Moses David), the leader of Children of God, predicted a huge doomsday event heralded by Comet Kohoutek sometime between January 11 and 21, 1973.
- From 1966 on, Jehovah’s Witnesses published articles which stated that the fall of 1975 would be 6000 years since man’s creation, and suggest that Armageddon could be finished by then.
- Armstrong’s fourth and final false prediction.
- John Wroe again predicted the Millenium would begin this year.
- William M. Branham predicted the Rapture would occur no later than 1977.
- One prophecy prognosticator linked the killer bee scare to Rev 9:3-12.
- In 1978 Leland Jensen predicted that there would be a nuclear disaster in 1980, followed by two decades of conflict, culminating in God’s Kingdom being established on earth.
- The founder of Calvary Chapel predicted the generation of 1948 would be the last generation, and that the world would end by 1981. Smith identified that he “could be wrong” but continued to say in the same sentence that his prediction was “a deep conviction in my heart, and all my plans are predicated upon that belief.”
- Hal Lindsey boldly declared that “The Rapture” would occur before Dec. 31, 1981 based on Christian prophesy, astronomy and a dash of ecological fatalism. He pegged the date to Jesus’ promise to return to Earth a generation after Israel’s rebirth. He also made references to the “Jupiter Effect,” a planetary alignment that occurs every 179 years, that would supposedly lead to earthquakes and nuclear plant meltdowns.
- Tara Centers ran a full-page ads in many newspapers April 24–25, 1982, stated that “The Christ is Now Here!” and that he would make himself known “within the next two months”.
- John Gribbin and Stephen Plagemann stated in their 1974 book The Jupiter Effect that the combined gravitational forces of aligned planets would create a number of catastrophes, including a great earthquake on the San Andreas Fault on March 10, 1982.
- Benjamin Creme took out an ad in the Los Angeles stating the Second Coming would occur on June 21, 1982 with the Maitreya announcing it on worldwide television.
- In late 1976 Pat Robertson predicted that the end of the world would come in 1982.
- In 1983 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, Guru of the Rajneesh movement, predicted massive destruction on earth, including natural disasters and man-made catastrophes. There would be floods larger than any since Noah, extreme earthquakes, very destructive volcano eruptions, nuclear wars, etc. Tokyo, New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Bombay will all disappear.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses again predicted the return of Christ in this year.
- Lester Sumrall predicted the end in this year, even writing a book about it entitled I Predict 1985.
- David Berg of The Children of God predicted that the Battle of Armageddon would take place in 1986. Russia would defeat Israel and the United States. A worldwide Communist dictatorship would be established. In 1993, Christ would return to earth.
- Leland Jensen predicted that Halley’s Comet would be pulled into Earth’s orbit on April 29, 1988, causing widespread destruction.
- Jose Argüelles claimed that Armageddon would take place unless 144,000 people gathered in certain places in the world in order to “resonate in harmony” on August 17, 1987.
- The Harmonic Convergence planned for Aug. 16-17, 1987, and several New Age events were to occur at that time. The second coming of the serpent god of peace and the Hopi dance awakening were two examples.
- Edgar C. Whisenant predicted in his book 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Could Be in 1988 that the Rapture of the Christian Church would occur between 11 and 13 September, 1988. After his September predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to October 3, 1988.
- After all his 1988 predictions failed to come true, Whisenant revised his prediction date to September 30, 1989.
- Elizabeth Clare Prophet predicted a nuclear war would start on April 23, 1990 with the world ending 12 years later, leading her followers to stockpile a shelter with supplies and weapons. Later, after Prophet’s prediction did not come to pass, she was diagnosed with epilepsy and Alzheimer’s disease.
- Menachem Mendel Schneerson called for the Messiah to come by the start of the Jewish New Year on September 9, 1991.
- Louis Farrakhan, the leader of the Nation of Islam declared that the Gulf War would be the “War of Armageddon which is the final war.”
- A group in Australia predicted Jesus would return through the Sydney Harbor at 9:00 am on 31st March, 1991.
- Rollen Stewart predicted the Rapture would take place on September 28, 1992.
- Lee Jang Rim, the leader of the Dami Mission church, predicted the Rapture would occur on October 28, 1992 using numerology as the basis for the date. Several camera shots that left ghostly images on pictures were thought to be a supernatural confirmation of the date.
- David Berg predicted the tribulation would start in 1989 and that the Second Coming would take place in 1993.
- Multiple prophecy writers figured that if the year 2000 is the end of the 6000-year cycle, then the rapture must take place in 1993, because you would need 7 years of the tribulation.
- Jehovah’s Witnesses predict that Armageddon would occur 80 years after 1914 when they made their first prediction.
- This Bahá’í sect leader predicted that New York would be destroyed by a nuclear bomb on March 23, 1994, and the Battle of Armageddon would take place 40 days later on May 2, 1994.
- Harold Camping predicted the Rapture would occur on September 6, 1994. When it failed to occur he revised the date to September 29 and then to October 2 of the same year.
- F.M. Riley in the book 1994 The Year of Destiny foretold of God’s plan to rapture His people.
- John Hinkle announced he had received a vision for God that warned of apocalyptic event on June 9th, 1994. Hinkle, quoting God, said, “On Thursday June the 9th, I will rip the evil out of this world.”
- In 1992, David Koresh of the Branch Davidian group in Waco Texas changed the name of their commune from Mt. Carmel to Ranch Apocalypse because of his belief that the final all-encompassing battle of Armageddon mentioned in the Bible would start at the Branch Davidian compound. They had calculated that the end would occur in 1995. After a 51-day standoff, on April 10, 1993, 76 members died as a result of a deliberately set fire.
- Harold Camping’s fourth predicted date for the end. This would be Camping’s last prediction until 2011.
- Sheldan Nidle predicted that the world would end on December 17, 1996 with the arrival of 16 million space ships and a host of angels. Nidle explained the passing of the date by claiming the angles placed us in a holographic projection to preserve us and give us a second chance.
- Marshall Applewhite, leader of the Heaven’s Gate cult, claimed that a spacecraft was trailing the Comet Hale-Bopp and argued that suicide was “the only way to evacuate this Earth” so that the cult members’ souls could board the supposed craft and be taken to another “level of existence above human”. Applewhite and 38 of his followers committed mass suicide on March 26, 1997
- Dan Millar and Bob Wadsworth predicted the arrival of the Antichrist on April 10, 1997 based on astronomical observations. The Antichrist was expected to come to power in the Vatican as Pope Peter II. One heavenly indicator is the intersection by two comets of the star Algol in the constellation Perseus. Comets Hyakutake and Hale-Bopp intersected the star on the same date on two adjacent years (Hyakutake in 1996 and Hale-Bopp in 1997). Plotting the two comets’ trajectories from April 1 to April 30 on the two years forms an almost perfect cross. They intersect between the eyes of the Medusa head that Perseus is holding in his left hand. “Algol” means “Demon Star” in Arabic. The head is known as Rosh Satan (the head of Satan) in Hebrew. Also, on the evening of April 10, there will be a lunar occultation of the star Aldebaran in the constellation Taurus.
- An Irish archbishop named James Ussher in 1658 estimated that the first day of creation occurred on October 23, 4004 BC. This would make the time interval between the creation of the world and a common estimate of the birth of Christ to be precisely 4000 years. He also estimated that the end of the world would occur exactly 6000 years later, on October 23, 1997.
- Many saw the peace pact between Arafat and Rabin on the White House lawn on September 13, 1993 as the beginning of the tribulation, and therefore Daniel’s 1260 days landing on February 24, 1997.
- The Vortex of the Star of David religious sect predicted the end of the world on Saturday, March 8, 1997. They did not have a doomsday scenario.
- Aum Shinri Kyo, a Japanese religious sect of 3000 members located at base of Mt. Fuji predicted the end of the world in 1997. The words “shinri kyo” mean “supreme truth” and in English it is known as Aum Supreme Truth.
- A Jewish group called the Temple Mount and Land of Israel Faithful Movement were expected to attempt placing the cornerstone of a new temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Rapture Ready home page had predicted that the “Tribulation” would be triggered by that event. Previous attempts had failed either because of riots or police action. There was one report that they were going to try to airlift the stone by helicopter this time. On October 20, several thousand police officers were deployed throughout Jerusalem; they successfully prevented access to the Temple Mount.
- The Sacerdotal Knights of National Security reported that “A space alien captured at a UFO landing site in eastern Missouri cracked under interrogation by the CIA and admitted that an extraterrestrial army will attack Earth on November 27 with the express purpose of stripping our planet of every natural resource they can find a use for — and making slaves of every man, woman and child in the world!”
- Edgar Casey predicted that the earth would have a new pole during the winter of 1997-1998. Since the earth spins like a gyroscope, this would take an enormous amount of energy. That amount of energy would cause a massive disruption to the oceans and the earth’s crust. That could, in turn, cause very serious, worldwide tidal waves, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.
- Hon-Ming Chen, leader of the Taiwanese cult God’s Salvation Church, or Chen Tao (“The True Way”) claimed that God would come to Earth in a flying saucer at 10:00 am on March 31, 1998. Moreover, God would have the same physical appearance as Chen himself. Chen chose to base his cult in Garland, Texas, because he thought it sounded like “God’s Land.” On March 25, God was to appear on Channel 18 on every TV set in the US.
- Because 666 times three equals 1998 some people pointed to 1998 as being a prophetically significant year.
- On Apr 30, 1998, when Israel’s new nation turned 50, The tribulation would start. The reasoning for this date had to do with God’s age requirement for priesthood, which is between 30-50.
- Marilyn Agee in her book The End of the Age predicted the end of the world on May 31, 1998. This date will conclude the 6000-year cycle from the time of Adam. Agee looked for the Rapture to take place on Pentecost and that the Holy Spirit did not descend upon the until 50 days from Christ’s resurrection before descending on the Church. She continued her date setting by using various scripture references to pointing to June 7, 14, and 21 when the first one failed.
- Centro predicted that the world will come to an end in 1998 and recommended that their followers retreat to safe places.
- Edgar Cayce predicted that a secret underground chamber would be discovered between the paws of the Great Sphinx. Inside, there will be documents revealing the history of Atlantis. This revelation will trigger the Second Coming of Christ.
- The Church of the Subgenius predicts that on “X Day” on July 5th, 1998 the end of the world will occur. At that time, “the Men from Planet X, or XISTS, will arrive on Earth, close a deal with “Bob,” rupture the card-carrying Ordained SubGenii up to the Escape Vessels of the Sex Goddesses, and destroy the remaining population of Earth extremely slowly. Bob is J.R. Dobbs, leader and High Epopt of the Church of the SubGenius, Living Avatar of Slack, the Saint of Sales. He was responsible for founding the Church on a shifting, sandy beach of hypocrisy.
- The House of Yahweh, Abilene predicted that an end-of-world scenario will start during October, 1998. By mid-2001, 80% of the world’s population will have been killed as a result of nuclear warfare.
- Russian scientist Vladimir Sobolyovhas of the Rerikh Academy has analyzed prophesies made by Russian saints, Nostradamus, etc. He announced his conclusions in September, 1997 that the earth’s axis will suddenly tilt about 30 degrees sometime during the next two years. This will submerge the Scandinavian countries and Britain under water, in what is termed the Armageddon Flood. Siberia will be spared. He expects that aliens will intervene and lead the world into the fourth dimension. Right now, these aliens are on earth, but in hiding. Sobolyovhas said: “If we completely believed in them, we would get lazy. So they are clever. They stay hidden in the fourth dimension and only show themselves from time to time.”
- Charles Criswell King said in 1968 that the world as we know it will cease to exist on August 18, 1999.
- A prediction attributed to Nostradamus stating the “King of Terror” would come from the sky in “1999 and seven months” led to fears of the end.
- Philip Berg, dean of the worldwide Kabbalah Centre, stated that on September 11, 1999 “a ball of fire will descend, destroying almost all of mankind, all vegetation, all forms of life.”
- Kirk Nelson predicted the second coming of Jesus Christ on September 30, 1999 using Edgar Cayce’s Predictions in correlation with the Christian Bible.
- Hon-Ming Chen had founded God’s Salvation Church in Texas and believed that a nuclear war will destroy parts of Earth in 1999. They identified a nine-year-old boy as the “Jesus of the East”, a reincarnation of Jesus Christ. They believe that if they can link him up with the “Jesus of the West” then 100 million lives will be spared. The second Jesus is supposed to live in Vancouver BC, look like Abraham Lincoln, and have been born in late 1969. Their search was unsuccessful.
- The website CALENdeRsign® listed a number of astronomical events that would happen as the millennium closed. On August 11, 1999 there would be a total solar eclipse, followed by a total lunar eclipse on January 21, 2000, followed by a triple planetary conjunction in May, 2000 involving Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. The planetary conjunction happened in 7 BC and is thought by some to be the star that some of the Gospels mentioned that led the three wise men to Jesus.
- The Branch Davidian sect predicted 5 months of major torment starting on August 6, 1999 as the sixth seal is fulfilled.
- Dotson Meade predicted from information on the Dead Sea Scrolls that something will happen to bring about the war that will end the world as we know it starting December 19, 1999.
- Monte Kim Miller, leader of Concerned Christians, believed he was the last prophet on Earth before Armageddon. He said that America was Satan and the government evil. He predicted he’d die on Jerusalem’s streets in December, 1999 but would rise from the dead three days later.
- Charles Berlitz predicted the end would occur in 1999. He did not predict how it would occur, stating it may involve nuclear devastation, asteroid impact, pole shift or other earth changes.
- James Gordon Lindsay predicted the tribulation would begin before the year 2000.
- The President of Yale University, Timothy Dwight IV foresaw Christ’s Millennium starting by 2000.
- Nazim Al-Haqqani predicted that the Last Judgment would occur before the year 2000.
- Michael Drosnin, author of The Bible Code, found a hidden message in the first five books in the Bible that predicts that World War III, involving a worldwide atomic holocaust, will start in 2000, or perhaps 2006.
- Predictions of a Y2K computer bug were to crash many computers on January 1, 2000 and would cause major catastrophes worldwide and society ceasing to function.
- An estimated 778 followers of this Ugandan religious movement perished in a devastating fire and a series of poisonings and killings that were either a group suicide or an orchestrated mass murder by group leaders after Credonia Mwerinde’s and Joseph Kibweteere’s predictions of the apocalypse starting January 1, 2000 failed to come about.
- Jerry Falwell foresaw God pouring out his judgement on the world on January 1, 2000.
- William Cooper predicted that on January 1, 2000 the secret chambers of the Pyramid at Giza will be opened. Its secrets will be revealed and Satan will become a public figure. The American militia will engage in a massive war at this time.
- Tim LaHaye and Jerry Jenkins stated the Y2K bug on January 1, 2000 would trigger global economic chaos, which the Antichrist would use to rise to power. As the date approached however they changed their minds.
- Dr. Dale Sumbureru looks for March 22, 1997, to be “the date when all the dramatic events leading through the tribulation to the return of Christ should begin” The actual date of Christ’s return was expected to be somewhere between July, 2000 and March, 2001. Dr. Sumbureru is more general about the time of the Christ’s second coming than most writers and claimed he could be off by weeks or months.
- James Harmston, the leader of the True and Living Church of Jesus Christ of Saints of the Last Days, predicted the Second Coming of Christ would occur on April 6, 2000.
- Dan Millar estimated September 21, 2000 as that of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. Four events happen on that day, a Thursday. The sidereal day is reset, it is also the Jewish New Year using the Canaanite calendar that was in use within ancient Israel prior to the Babylonian Captivity, it is the time of the Jewish Feast of Jubilees (which only happens once every 50 years) according to a message given by the Virgin Mary to Father Stefan Gobbi, and the day is also the Autumn Equinox.
- Elohim City in eastern Oklahoma is led by Robert Millar and has about 100 heavily armed inhabitants working, praying and conducting paramilitary drills. Millar envisions a white Christian nation in North America and runs the city in anticipation of an inevitable Asiatic invasion of the United States. Millar believed that Christ has been revealing himself for the last two millennia. He also preached that a series of disasters is about to strike, probably soon after the year 2000, during which time the unworthy and wicked will be cleansed from the Earth. Convicted Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh phoned friends of his in Elohim City before the blast.
- The Nuwaubian Nation movement claimed that the planetary lineup would cause a “star holocaust,” pulling the planets toward the sun on May 5, 2000.
- Isaac Newton predicted that Christ’s Millennium would begin in the year 2000 in his book Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John.
- Peter Olivi wrote that the Antichrist would come to power between 1300 and 1340, and the Last Judgement would take place around 2000.
- Ruth Montgomery predicted the Earth’s axis would shift and the Antichrist would reveal himself in 2000.
- Edgar Cayce again predicted the Second Coming would occur in 2000.
- Sun Myung Moon, the founder of the Unification Church, predicted the Kingdom of Heaven would be established in this year.
- Ed Dobson predicted the end would occur in his book The End: Why Jesus Could Return by A.D. 2000.
- Lester Sumrall predicted the end again in his book I Predict 2000.
- Jonathan Edwards predicted in the 18th century that Christ’s thousand-year reign would begin in this year.
- Tynnetta Muhammad predicted the end would occur in 2001.
- Jack Van Impe’s book On the Edge of Eternity predicts that the year 2001 will “usher in international chaos such as we’ve never seen in our history.” and that in 2001 and the following years the world will experience “drought, war, malaria, and hunger afflicting entire populations throughout the [African] continent…By the year 2001, there will be global chaos.” Islam will become much larger than Christianity. A one-world church will emerge; it will be “controlled by demonic hosts.” Temple rituals (presumably including animal sacrifice) will resume in Israel.
- Charles Spiegel, a retired psychology professor, preached that the ancient land of Atlantis will emerge from the Caribbean circa 2001. Shortly thereafter, 1000 extra-terrestrials from “Myton” in 33 spaceships will land there and bring new knowledge to humanity.
- Jack Van Impe changed from his book’s prediction of the end of the world to it becoming the beginning of the Millenium.
- Yoruba priests predicted dramatic tragedy and crisis in 2002, including coups, war, disease, and flooding.
- Nancy Lieder originally predicted the date for the Nibiru collision as May, 2003. According to her website, aliens in the Zeta Reticuli star system told her through messages via a brain implant of a planet which would enter our solar system and cause a pole shift on earth that would destroy most of humanity.
- Aum Shinrikyo again predicted the world would be destroyed by a nuclear war between October 30 and November 29, 2003.
- Based on Psalmology, numerology, the Bible’s 360 days per year, Jewish holidays and “Biblical astronomy” this date was calculated by some people.
- Arnie Stanton said on September 16, 1997 that that evening was the fourth Jewish festival since April 3, 1996 when a lunar eclipse occurred. He believes that based on Luke 21:25-26 “these recent lunar eclipses are the last known astronomical signs that will precede a 7 year (360 day/year) countdown to Armageddon/Christ’s return to Earth.” He expects Christ’s return will occur within a few months of September 29, 2004 when Asteroid Toutatis will make a very close approach to Earth.
- Yisrayl Hawkins in his February, 2006 newsletter predicted the start of nuclear war on September 12, 2006.
- Hal Lindsay’s revision to his math said the Rapture would happen in 2007, since Israel didn’t technically have land until the 1967 War.
- Shelby Corbett, of Bradenton, Florida had put up benches throughout town advertising the rapture will happen in 2007.
- Marilyn Agee predicts the end of this age on September 12, 2007 that will end in eternal world peace on May 31, 2008.
- A number of groups claimed that activation of the Large Hadron Collider experiment on September 10, 2008 would bring about the end of the world through the production of planet-eating micro black holes or strangelets. Similar claims were made about March 30, 2010, when the collider reached 7 TeV, half of its maximum energy.
- Ronald Weinland predicts the end of the world on April 17, 2008 based on his view that six of the seals have been opened up and that there would be nuclear explosions in US port cities by July, 2008.
- Scott Mandelker, who claims to have an ET soul, said that there is a discontinuous event coming, and that “they” peg it to the date 2010 or 2012.
- The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn predicted the world would end in 2010.
- Harold Camping predicted that the Rapture and devastating earthquakes would occur on May 21, 2011 with God taking approximately 3% of the world’s population into Heaven, and that the end of the world would occur five months later on October 21.
- There were fears amongst the public that Comet Elenin travelling almost directly between Earth and the Sun would cause disturbances to the Earth’s crust, causing massive earthquakes and tidal waves. Others predicted that Elenin would collide with Earth on October 16, 2011. Scientists tried to calm fears by stating that none of these events were possible.
- After Ronald Weinland’s prophecy failed to come true he changed the date for the return of Jesus Christ to May 27, 2012.
- José Luis de Jesús predicted that the world’s governments and economies would fail on June 30, 2012, and that he and his followers would undergo a transformation that would allow them to fly and walk through walls.
- New Age writers cited Mayan and Aztec calendars which predicted the end of the age on December 21, 2012.
- Warren Jeffs, the president of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints predicted from his prison cell that the world would end by December 23, 2012. When the end failed to occur as he had predicted on December 23, Jeffs blamed it on his followers’ “lack of faith”, and moved the prediction to December 31.
- Michael Drosnin made another prediction based on a hidden message he found in the first five books in the Bible that predicted that a comet would crash into the earth in 2012 and annihilate all life.
- Grigori Rasputin prophesied a storm where fire would eat all life on land and Jesus Christ would come back to Earth to comfort those in distress.
- Mark Biltz and John Hagee in 2008 claimed that four “blood moons” in 2014 and 2015 may represent prophecies allegedly given in the Bible relating to the second coming of Jesus Christ.
- Professor Lloyd Cunningdale was excavating with his students at the Donner Party disaster site. They found a time capsule left by the settlers that has many predictions for the future, including a weaponized disease wiping out all humanity in 2016.
- A former kibbutz worker named Jacob Hawkins (renamed to Yisrael) started the House of Yahweh, a group that prophesies that the end of the world will arrive very soon if the laws of Yahweh set down in the Bible are not universally obeyed, and the temple in Jerusalem not rebuilt to lie side by side with the Dome of the Rock Mosque. Hawkins has about 3,000 followers who believe he will announce the second coming of Jesus before being murdered by Satan.
- Jerry Falwell said the Antichrist is probably alive today and is a male Jew. He believes that the second coming of Christ will be within 10 years of 2010.
- Orville T. Gordon, leader of the Outer Dimensional Forces, believes that his group’s heavenly allies will flood the United States very soon.
- Jeane Dixon claimed that Armageddon would take place in 2020 and Jesus would return to defeat the unholy Trinity of the Antichrist, Satan and the False prophet between 2020 and 2037. Dixon previously predicted the world would end on February 4, 1962.
- F. Kenton Beshore bases his prediction on the prior suggestion that Jesus could return in 1988(i.e. within one Biblical generation of 40 years) of the founding of Israel in 1948. Beshore argues that the prediction was correct, but that the definition of a Biblical generation was incorrect and was actually 70–80 years, placing the Second Coming of Jesus between 2018 and 2028 and the Rapture by 2021 at the latest.
- Messiah Foundation International members propagate that the world is to end in 2026, when a comet would collide with Earth in accordance with Riaz Ahmed Gohar Shahi’s predictions in The Religion of God.
- John Denton views both Bible covenants to be of equal time, and that the end of the era of the New Testament will be in 2034.
- Hal Lindsay’s re-revision changes the date of the end of the world to 2047.
- According to The Church of !BLAIR!, the human race will probably be terminated at 3:28 AM (Soho, England time) September 14, 2047. The church teaches that if the human race does not discard their plastic conformity, the Gods will withdraw their protection. The Gods don’t want us to worship them; they don’t want sacrifices or even offerings. They want us to rid itself of our excessive “Normalcy”. At that point, Astro-Lemurs (extra-terrestrials similar in shape to lemurs, but with rainbow-colored bodies) will attack the entire human race and beat them to death with gigantic burritos.
- According to abjad interpretation of a hadith, Adnan Oktar claims that the Last Day will come about the year 2120.
- According to abjad interpretation of a hadith, Said Nursî who wrote the Risale-i Nur Collection expected the end in 2129.
- According to an opinion on the Talmud in mainstream Orthodox Judaism, the Messiah should come within 6000 years from the creation of Adam, and the world could possibly be destroyed 1000 years later. This would put the beginning of the period of desolation in the year 2239 and the end of the period of desolation in the year 3239.
- According to Rashad Khalifa’s research on the Quran Code, the world will end in 2280.
- James Kasting predicts the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere will drop in the year 500,000,000, making Earth uninhabitable.
- It is widely accepted by the scientific community that the year 5 billion will be the end of our Sun’s current phase of development, after which it will swell into a red giant, either swallowing the Earth or at least completely scorching it. However, as the Sun grows gradually hotter (over millions of years), the Earth may become too hot for life in only a billion years’ time.
- Brad Larson’s Big Rip theory predicts that the entire universe will eventually be progressively torn apart if the strength of dark energy increases with time. Small massless patches then collapse back into a single point renewing the Big Bang Cycle then causing it to explode out again renewing the universal cycle by its continual expansion. One hypothetical example of the theory places the end in approximately 22 billion years’ time.
- The heat death of the universe is a suggested ultimate fate of the universe, in which the universe has diminished to a state of no thermodynamic free energy and therefore can no longer sustain motion or life.
Next: The True End